What is a rood screen in a church?

Rood screen, in Western architecture, element of a Christian church of the Middle Ages or early Renaissance that separated the choir or chancel (the area around the altar) from the nave (the area set apart for the laity).

Why was the choir loft located in the back of old churches?

In some churches, such as Westminster Cathedral, the choir is arranged in the apse behind the altar. The architectural details of the choir developed in response to its function as the place where the Divine Office was chanted by the monastic brotherhood or the chapter of canons.

What is the rear of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

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What is the room divider or screen that separates the main worship space from the altar called?

In Eastern Christianity, an iconostasis (Greek: εἰκονοστάσιον) is a wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church.

What is the wall behind the altar called?

A reredos (/ˈrɪərˌdɒs, ˈrɪərɪ-, ˈrɛrɪ-/ REER-dos, REER-ih-, RERR-ih-) is a large altarpiece, a screen, or decoration placed behind the altar in a church.

What is the chancel area of a church?

Chancel, portion of a church that contains the choir, often at the eastern end. Before modern changes in church practice, only clergy and choir members were permitted in the chancel.

What is the choir of a church?

Choir, in architecture, area of a church designed to accommodate the liturgical singers, located in the chancel, between the nave and the altar. In some churches the choir is separated from the nave by an ornamental partition called a choir screen, or more frequently by a choir rail.

What is the purpose of a church choir?

The four functions are to lead and enliven the congregation’s song, to sing music that the congregation cannot, to serve as a small-group within the church for faith formation, and to sing beautiful and challenging music to glorify God and to edify the congregation.

Is a choir religious?

do choirs have to be religious? The short answer is “No”. If you like Western classical music, there is a lot of religious repertoire, but also a great deal of non- religious material.

What is the worship area of a church called?

Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church ) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel ( area around the altar).

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What are the rooms of a church called?

Most protestants will call it the Sanctuary. Catholic, Orthodox and Anglicans will call in the Nave, the Sanctuary being the region around the altar. And for those same Churches the area in front of the doors is called the Narthex.

What are the main features of a church?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What is the raised platform in a church called?

A pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church. The origin of the word is the Latin pulpitum ( platform or staging).

What are the main parts of a church plan?

The plan generally included a nave (q.v.), or hall, with a flat timber roof, in which the crowd gathered; one or two side aisles flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of regularly spaced columns; a narthex (q.v.), or entrance vestibule at the west end, which was reserved for penitents and unbaptized

What is the purpose of a rood screen?

The rood screen was a physical and symbolic barrier, separating the chancel, the domain of the clergy, from the nave where lay people gathered to worship. It was also a means of seeing; often it was solid only to waist height and richly decorated with pictures of saints and angels.

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